|The front cover of our two volume book.
|Who are the self-appointed gallery...?
|Quashed by whomever, before given a chance.
TO THE MANY WHO HAVE CONTRIBUTED OR ENCOURAGED THIS RESEARCH, I extend my most grateful appreciation, and inform all that
I completed my MS, with supporting data. These have been submitted for Copyright, as indicated on that page. Above,
is the cover of Volume 1, of our 2 volume set. The book itself is not yet ready for purchase. I leave the
jacket cover of the DVD for the recent film, The Raven, as it will be more recognizable than Turnberry Castle, whose
image captures what Edgar Allan Poe, John Galt, and Robert Burns wrote of.
"Stay for me there! I will not fail To meet thee in that hollow vale." Poe's epigram of "The Assignation"
REMARKS and site overview...
Modified or reviewed 23 May 2013, at Foster City, California, these pages are an on-going project. However, this
site contains but "samples" of photographs and commentary from an 820 page manuscript of many research
trips to Ayrshire, Scotland, between 1997 and 2000, until our work has been published.
Students, regardless of age, who have learning and reading problems, will find a home with my work. This student of
Poe is dyslexic, and therefore, these pages, and my manuscript about our research, are
meant for the young student, or working person, who likes Poe, but can not quite understand what he was saying, or what
he meant with this or that symbol or word. Realize that you are not alone!
Meanwhile, because the information in this site is so extraordinary and original, many visitors without the basic
background of Edgar Allan Poe's life and work may be confused by what this writer posts. For example, "Why
write of Poe's unknown Scottish connections?" The reason is that this biographer did not follow
other Poe scholars' line of reasoning and thinking, except where noted. Our manuscript, nevertheless, attempts to follow
the Modern Language Association's (MLA) A Writer's Resource, from the 2003, McGraw-Hill edition. Consequently, the
visitor is asked to suspend judgement until one has made an overall review of our material. All of our research
and developed information take place in Scotland. This student of Edgar Allan Poe was, and remains, completely overwhelmed
by so much new information, and Poe's connections with it, which we found in Great Britain: Stoke Newington, as well as Ayrshire,
Scotland. Get what you can out of these pages, and then, as one learns in Buddhism, rely on your own mind for analysis
and judgement of any poem or other work by Edgar Allan Poe. Poe bedazzles even the professors and teachers of our
As I do from time-to-time, I conducted
a Google Search of, "Edgar Allan Poe + Scotland," as well as use a combination of nouns, such as Burns + Galt +
Poe, for example. There is little available, and most is of my origine. But keep trying. I re-read the article
from 2003 that I was invited to write for The Ulster-Scot Newspaper. At that time I was guessing at most of
my points. Kenmotsu, Beattie, others, and this writer have gone on to our proofs. Especially exciting, because
I worked on it so long, are our facts of the Poes of Kilmarnock, and Ayrshire.
Since the Register.com company has added the web analysis feature, I have noted visitor traffic to this site.
We have settled into a monthly average of 2,000-to 2,500 visitors, as all of my information and posting have been here for
some years. I do not add anything that gives Poe scholars more than they we have, as to give more information would
allow exploitation of our own "mysteries."
The quote, below, "copied-and-pasted"
17 January 2012, is courtesy: Edgar Allan Poe Society of Baltimore - The Works of Edgar Allan Poe:
who read are still among the living, but I who write shall have long since gone my way into the region of shadows. For indeed
strange things shall happen, and many secret things be known, and many centuries shall pass away, ere these memorials be seen
of men. And, when seen, there will be some to disbelieve, and some to doubt, and yet a few who will find much to ponder upon
in the characters here graven with a stylus of iron.” — from Edgar Allan Poe’s “Shadow
— a Parable” (1835).
This prophecy of Poe's reads like any verse or chapter in the King
James Bible, and we found out why! Nevertheless, it is largely why our findings, and very limited publications
and releases, have been rebuffed by scholars in America. Others around the world have been gracious in their acceptance of
our project and work! With that in mind, most Poe publications and scholarship are written for professors and scholars.
On the other hand, I have had "the average person" with an interest in Poe's writing as my intended audience.
This objective began when my fellow employees of United Airlines suggested that I write a "magazine article"
about the work Kenmotsu and I were conducting during our off time.
my writing I am over-directive with my "prompts" to visitors. In the Police Detective's and lawyer's
evidence-gathering manner, that is this writer's background, I presume nothing, and expect that the visitor is not even
a native speaker of American English, as are the Ph. D.s of the Humanities out here (in Asia). This self-administered
web site is to record something of the importance of knowing of "The Ulster-Scots" of Ireland, but most importantly,
of America. As I was born in East L. A., CA., I did not know, for example, of such a distinction of people
in Ireland and America until late in my research. Nevertheless, just as the Chinese and Jews in America
retain their ancient cultural and racial identify after arriving in the United States of America, the Scottish immigrants
to Ireland and America retain their's: Ulster-Scots, or "Scotch-Irish," as Hervey Allen used the term in
his biography of Edgar Poe, Israfel. One must be very aware of this distinction, or Edgar Allan Poe's
cultural and racial heritage will be missed, as it has before we began our research project. Non-academics will not
know that Poe was thought of as English-American (because of his mother), and Irish (because of his paternal,
great-grand-father's Irish connections with his Irish-born wife). Please see each page for information about these connections.
Also, see West Point's version of Poe's family tree. Our Family Trees of the Allans, Burns, Browns, Galts, and Poes
remove the secrets of Poe's Scots connection.
Moreover, the people and places in these pages have no connection
to any place or person in the United States, save the Allans and Poe before leaving Richmond, Virginia. There
is no connection in or to the United States with David Poe and his son, Edgar Allan Poe, discussed in our information, unless
stated. Edgar Allan Poe and his two siblings had no offspring. Collateral blood and legal relatives
of the original Poes, anywhere, to Pennsylvania, or others in America, are simply not relevant to my study, and
so on. The following pages are of their Allan, Burns, Galt, and Poe connections with Ayrshire, Scotland,
and The United Kingdom. (I have since learned that there are other family names, but would not want to confuse the new
visitor with such information. Most important are the family names Black and Watt.)
THIS IS THE SITE for information and
updates about my research and manuscript project of Edgar Allan Poe in Scotland.
Since the site administrators, Register.com, have provided analytical data of hits and visitors,
our "visit list" grows every month. I am pleased that Poe enthusiast in Communist China, and many other unexpected
countries, have been directed to our site and its information. One is not "graded" on the nature or quality
of a question or opinion, so do let me know of your views. I have a translation program; therefore, please
write in your own language.
Most recently, there
have been many visitors to our site from Iceland. Those of you there will be interested to know that I had wanted to
go to Iceland, but went to Scotland,my employer at the time, United Airlines, did not fly to that country. However,
I wanted to visit a "Scandinavian country," and thought Scotland had such a connection. (It does, but
back to the 7th Century invasion by the Norsemen, and finally, their capulation at Largs, in the 13th Century). As a
consequence of that limitation of our travel, we have developed this project.
STUDENTS of Edgar Allan Poe:
There are now wonderful sites, as given above, with some of the most profound essays and explications of Poe's fiction,
not available to students of my (academic) generation: the Sixties! I shall share them when and where I can, so that
you do not have to struggle with the ignorance of scholarly methods and findings that we older students did.
Furthermore, I will create a special page of those sites' URLs. It is relevant to state that there are hundreds
of scholars of Edgar Allan Poe around the world. Some do not have e-mail, web sites, or any other availability or outreach
to other interested fans of Poe. My entire objective with this site is to show that one need not be enrolled in, or
teach in, an academic setting to maintain an interest in our literary icon. Raymond Foye, author of The Unknown
Poe, correctly states that someone like Poe only comes along once in an epoch. Many people have spent
a life-time in research to understand Poe's works. Certainly, this writer has!
surprise that I got when submitting a Poe-created noun to a Google Search was, "the bipart
soul (also written as bi-part)." An understanding of Poe's concept and use of his "figure
of speech," his coinage of a new term, might help one understand Poe's anathema of his Scots' heritage and
genealogy. Unfortunately, I cannot share my insights of that concept here, and the story in which Poe used it ("The
Murders in the Rue Morgue"), until our book is published! Please look at the site, however. That discovery did cause
me to submit the more important details of my research to a Copyright application. One will see in our book the
context in which I developed and used Poe's concept of "the bi-part soul," introduced only. This was but one
of the many insights into the Scots' persona and spysche, which I learned, troubled Poe.
conduct a Google Search of Robert Densmore Brill + Edgar Allan Poe + Scotland to find
web-sites of Poe scholars, and Professors of American Literature, for newer comments. Not all will allow me to quote
their comments and opinions of our work.
invited to learn some of what we have found in Scotland on our subject. However, this is not the place nor time
to make analysis of Poe' works, or make comments of influences of Ayrshire, Scotland, or its inhabitants, upon Poe's
developing personality and mind, as others do. American "political correctness" would have me forebear saying
anything that Americans would not like about the Scots. And so, to learn at least that much of Scots, each person must
travel for themselves. Effective commentary would take more space than we have here. We leave that to each visitor,
to the papers and essays which I write for brief publication or present at international conferences, and to
the future publication of our book. However, as a graduate of the United States Navel Academy, whom we met at
a bar in San Jose, Costa Rica, informed us, "Poe! ...If you want know!"
that context, U. S. Navy Captain, Professor Smith's 1926 book on Poe is written of in our manuscript, but not here.
I will say here that what critics, professors, and writers of Poe biographies have said, including Professor Smith, that Poe's
works were "autobiographical," and demonstrated his mental and physical deterioration, is so off the mark, that
I am impatient to inform the unbiased, unbigoted, unpretentious fan of Poe that I am not here to rebut such errors of analysis.
Professor T. O. Mabbott, however, has pointed out in his "Introduction" to Selected Poetry and Prose of
Edgar Allan Poe, in 1951, that Poe, "...did not, however, create while he was drunk...," and other correct
statements of these libelous falsehoods. Nevertheless, years will pass before my material is published, and opens an entirely
new controversy about the man and his works. I am emboldened as I travel, present papers, or give independent lectures,
that most everyone knew of Poe. In that regard, they were delighted to learn of our independent research and findings.
John Galt, has a descendant, Lou Greaves, of England, who has been most valuable to my genealogical data in
this study. She informed me that she has acquired the death certificate of Galt's cousin, Dr. Black, that completes
her own genealogical data of John Allan's niece, Jane Galt's family tree, in which Edgar Allan Poe exists. Jane Galt
was the age-equal cousin of Poe, who lived at the Flowerbank Estate, in the village of Newton Stewart, on the Cree River.
See Hervey Allen's Israfel for more details of this family. Dr. Black was Surgeon of the British
Fleet, in Poe's family, directly connected with the Galts, and the Greek War of Independence from the Ottoman Turks.
Lou Greaves informed this Poe student of Dr. Black's narrative on the subject, and his part in it. I have been successful
in obtaining a copy of the book from U. C. Berkley, and quote from it in my own manuscript, where relevant.
AND collage students are encouraged to perform Google Searches of specific nouns found in Edgar Allan Poe's
works, as well as these pages, for in-depth information of Poe and his life. Moreover, students should purchase the
volume of Allen's biography, Israfel, made available and inexpensive on the Internet (I have 30 copies!), as well
as that of Raymond Foye's, The Unknown Poe, from abebooks.com. Other books of singular value are Dr. Moran's Edgar
Allan Poe A defense of Edgar Allan Poe as well as Dr. John Robertson's Edgar A. Poe A psychopathic Study.
These, and other books, help one form opinions of Poe and his works without the incorrect conclusions and opinions
of judgmental 'scholars' who did not know, "what Poe was saying." Both volumes validate my independent conclusions
and opinions of Poe and his works before I had the opportunity of reading them. I am always offended when
I read, even in 2011, the scholars who try to make their mark by writing something blatantly false about Poe's "vices."
One would think educated teachers would have given up on this effort at sensationalism.
have finally acquired all of the genealogical data of the Edgar Allan Poe-to-John Poe, of Fenwick (fin' ick),
data, beyond that mentioned only in Hervey Allen's biography of Poe, Israfel. Moreover, The
document to which Hervey Allen makes reference in his biography is kept in the Archives' Department of the Library of the
Military Academy at West Point. I have included a copy of that document in our pages on "Cadet Poe," as permitted
by the West Point Library. The more detailed of our own Poe genealogy information goes back in time to approximately
1647. It departs from that held in the Military Academy at West Point's Archive file of Poe, and other Poe
Family Trees, and will be in our book. That information, as well as genealogy for the Allans, Burns, and Galts is also
included in our book. I share in our text, over many chapters, how we went from Kenmotsu's first attempts at creating
a "Poe" Family Tree, while we were at the James Watt Memorial Library, in Greenock, Scotland.
Thereafter, we increased that Tree with information obtained of the blood, family, and legal lines of their
connections, all from completely unrelated data. Nevertheless, neither our study, nor these pages, are meant
as an authority of the genealogical histories of our subjects. I sought them as a contradiction of the known and presumed
Poe genealogy, which asserts the family were from Ireland. Most important, Poe's behavior and works do not originate
in Ireland. To the effective investigator, Ireland is not relevant to anything about understanding Edgar Poe, and
his acquired, foster father's, family name, Allan.
Nevertheless, there were those in academia who discounted my findings of the Poe-Allan connection at Saltcoats, as announced
to the membership of the PSA, by the Senior Museum Director, Mark Strachan, without their having so much as a peek at
the evidence! Any living American with the name Poe, but not Edgar Allan Poe, or listed in our Index, is
of absolutely no relevance to our study, nor of interest to us. Moreover, anyone in America who has even a little
common sense must know that if the Historical Societies of Ayrshire, Scotland, such as those in Irvine, Kilmarnock, and
Newton Stewart, as well as the Robert Burns World Federation, Ltd., members know of Edgar Allan Poe's connections with
Ayrshire, the local Council members do so as well! On the other hand Scots, generally, expect Americans to know
much about them!
of Poe is from The Edgar Allan Poe Review's Spring 2000, Volume 1, Number 1 edition, Professor Barbara Cantalupo, Editor. This year is important as it is
the year during which I finished my manuscript, but for subsequent editorial work. Information regarding membership
in the Poe Studies Association can be obtained by the "Links" menu in future. Other than
The Scots Magazine artist's rendering with Gracie's article, there is no known representation of Edgar Allan Poe in his
pre-teen years, while in The United Kingdom, as it was known at that time, and since. I selected the above image of
Poe as it captures his sense of melencholy and chagrin with his literary critics of the time.
The book, The Portraits and Daguerreotypes of EDGAR ALLAN POE, by Michael J. Deas, The
University Press of Virginia, Copyright 1988, by the Rector and Visitors of the University, contains several versions of the
above portrait. Poe's forehead hair, and the right tail of Poe's black tie, exist in identical location in plates 22 (p. 55),
23, (p. 59), 36, (p. 81) 73 (p. 161), 74, and plate 75 (p. 165). Our guess is that it is the "Stuart engraving,"
in which Poe's eyes are similar to those in the Review, plate 36, on page 81.
The following narrative is lifted from our original website at American Online's free Hometown pages,
that I named at the time, "Searching for Poe in Scotland."
Since 1996, we (Bob Brill and Grace Kenmotsu) have frequently traveled to Ayrshire, Scotland, on her western coast
of the Atlantic. We have recorded and photographed places which Hervey Allen reported in his 1926 biography of Edgar Allan
Poe,ISRAFEL. Allen's work is the most comprehensive statement of a "Poe in Scotland connection." He mentions
wherever Edgar Allan Poe was known to have lived and visited until that time. Kilmarnock, Glasgow, Fenwick, Irvine, Greenock,
Newton Stewart all have connections to Poe. We found many others!
Our research and findings in these venues (cities, towns, villages, and hamlets) became "books" within our
book, that we call "Surveys." Each Survey is from 120 to 200 pages in length. Therefore, for information
of Poe in the Kilmarnock area we call it, "The Kilmarnock Survey," and so on. Only the "sleepy little village"
of Stoke Newington, London, England had any indication of a Poe connection. There, we found placards mounted on buildings
to mark the Poe connection. The local research library of Hackney Stoke Newington, and The Fox Reformed Pub and Inn, both
had plaques to celebrate Poe's connections.
Now, as a
consequence of giving talks on our subject, historical societies and others in Ayrshire--Dundonald, Kilmarnock, Irvine, Saltcoats,
and Newton Stewart--have exhibits, documented placards, plaques, and relics in their records of Poe's connections. We have
others to install as funding and time allow. This website is meant to link other Poe enthusiasts to a few relevant sites in
Scotland that we have found and established. Our facts and findings have existed nowhere else before our research project,
except as noted.
However, the North Ayrshire Council's
Saltcoats Museum, where David Poe and Ann Allan and family are buried, is centrally located to all points of interest, and
the only public exhibit of its kind in Scotland (and the world!). Our pages here are but samples of what exists in
our forthcoming book, The Mystery of "Mar'se Eddie"
in the Shire, Edgar Allan Poe's Scottish Connections. This title is a creation of Kenmotsu's suggestion.
For additional narrative information, go to page 3, "Poe in Scotland."
This student just did a spell-check of this section of our web site, and it is to be noted that all of the words that originate
and exist in Scotland are foreign to the American lexicon, not present in the "spell-checker."
Map of the Ayrshire area. In the above map are seen such towns as Stranraer, Girvin, Ayr, Kilmarnock,
Glasgow, and to the east, Edinburgh. We include the areas of both Edinburgh and Belfast, Ireland, as the Allan and Poe
families during the 18th and 19th Centuries had common shipping activities and interests in the North Channel and the
Firth of Clyde, from Stranraer, in Scotland's south-west coast, to Belfast, and north to Greenock. Information of the
Poe Shipping Company is courtesy of local Burnsian and historian, Thomas Hutton, of Dunfirmline, Scotland. Consult other maps
for enlargements. Link to maps: http://www.mapquest.com/maps/main.adp?country=GB Unfortuantely, I failed to make a note of the source of this unknown fact when with Mr. Hutton, and
we have never been able to find it again since.
Seen in the
garden, of what Hervey Allen correctly described as, "the Edgar Allan Poe Museum and Shrine," are Grace Kenmotsu
and Mr. John English, the former Director of the Museum. This photograph is from our (Bob and Grace Brill's) first success
in California of finding something of an organization, structure, or beginning of where to look for more information about
Poe. As with all with whom we came in contact during our project, we were expected, and presumed, to know that they exist,
and where and how to find them!
It is well enough for those in education and Poe scholars to be thoroughly aware
of library and social repositories of such information; however, to "outsiders" of the "Poe Community,"
such as Brill and Kenmotsu, his existence and such information were not evident.
When we did find a "first"
site, such as that given by Hervey Allen, we made every effort to locate it. Incredibly, neither the Richmond, Virginia telephone
Information Directory nor local Chamber of Commerce stated they had any such listings! Some months later we flew to Richmond,
Virginia, and found "The Poe Museum and Shrine."
Mr. English was very delighted to accommodate our questions.
Our first visit to Richmond, in 1997, was but three days. Our return visits were even shorter. Thereafter, we followed this
visit from Pacifica, California, to other sites and literature of, or connected to, Poe, such as the University of Virginia,
Charlottesville's Room 13, and Baltimore, Maryland. Elsewhere in Mr. Allen's book, Israfel, and most in the
bibliographies of Poe biographies, thereafter, we were able to construct an "outsider's" understanding of Poe biographical
information. Our goal is to help other lay fans and students of Poe find places in America and Scotland which took us
considerable effort and expense to locate.
The logical place to begin research in Scotland for Poe would be the only place of which we had any
knowledge, Glasgow. In a footnote Hervey Allen mentions John Allan having gone to Glasgow, nothing more! However, at the time,
I believed that it was the only city near Ayrshire that had an airport. We, therefore, went to the University of Glasgow in
an effort to speak with academics who might already know of the information which we sought.
In the above photograph,
taken by Grace Kenmotsu during our 1997 visit, the Chair of the Department of English, renowned F. Scot Fitzgerald scholar,
Professor Andrew Hook, with his Professor of American Literature, Susan Castillo are seen. They graciously spoke with us in
the faculty lounge of the University. Professor Hook has since retired. Professor Castillo, originally from Virginia, had
visited Poe's Room 13 on the West Range of the campus. She remains at the University of Glasgow.
next stop into the unknown was Kilmarnock, Ayrshire, about an hour to the west.
Our 13 visits to Ayrshire, Scotland, have been noticed, but often without citation or credit. One example is the following
that Brill learned of by conducting a Google Search of his topic, Poe's concept of the bi-part soul.
At least one candidate for
the Ph. D. in Scotland has used one of my ideas that I presented at the Symbiosis Conference in Greece in 2004,
and copyrighted their use of it in a dissertation, without citation or credit of its source. As a consequence I,
too, have applied for a copyright of our book, The Mystery of "Mar'se Eddie" in
the Shire, Edgar Allan Poe's Scottish Connections. The material in our website remains free of such
restriction, however. The "doctor," above, fortunately, shall remain ignorant of the why Poe
wrote about that concept! But she joins the Communist Chinese in their pirating American ideas, without citation
or compensation! Maybe that's why the Scots were so active in the slave trade, that I bring to my readers' attention,
only in my book. Conduct a Google Search of bi-part soul, and review the results. Especially:
"The influence of duality and Poe's notion of the 'bi-part ..." Jan 12, 2011 ... This dissertation examines the meaning, origin, and influence of Edgar Allan
Poe's notion of the 'Bi-Part Soul', and the associated theme of duality, ...researchrepository.napier.ac.uk/4051/
- Similarto The influence of duality and Poe's notion of the 'bi-part
... (From Google Search)
been careful since not to share such unique contents of my project and manuscript. Moreover, I share with students
and professors outside of the United States only. In this regard I have just returned from India, where I met with bias-free
scholars and students, who are not inmates of American academic bigotry. Our visits to Ayrshire disclosed the very frustrating
culture to which Poe was subjected, and thereafter, spent much time writing of in hieroglyphic language of his creation.
Only at universities outside of the United States do I venture any honest discussions of what we found and write of in
our own manuscript for the project.